United Nations Fund for SSC
The United Nations General Assembly High-level Committee on the Review of Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries, which was renamed by the GA in 58/220 of 23 December 2003, as the High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation (HLC). Prior to this, the HLC in its decision 12/2 of 1 June 200I which was endorsed by GA resolution 56/202 of 21 December 2001, underscored the need to ensure the effective role of the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation as “‘the substantive secretariat of the High-level Committee and as the United Nations system coordinator for technical cooperation among developing countries as well as the focal point in the United Nations system for South-South cooperation…”
The GA, in its resolution 60/212 of 22 December 2005, called for the renaming of the Voluntary Trust Fund for the Promotion of South-South Cooperation, which was established in accordance with General Assembly resolution 50/119 of 20 December 1995, “as the United Nations Fund for South-South Cooperation … and to designate it as the main United Nations trust fund for promoting and supporting South-South and triangular cooperation.” In a previous resolution, 57/263 of 20 December 2002, the GA decided to include the Fund in the UN Pledging Conference for Development Activities, as long as it exists.
In its resolution 60/1 of 16 September of December 2005, the GA endorsed the 2005 World Summit Outcome (paragraph 41), in which the world leaders “welcome[d] the work of the United Nations High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation and invite countries to consider supporting the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation within the United Nations Development Programme in order to respond effectively to the development needs of developing countries.”
For years, the G-77 and China have articulated and promoted the important contribution which South-South cooperation can make towards achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals. At the IFCC-XII that was held in Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire from 10-13 June 2008, the G-77 further stressed that “South-South cooperation is a development agenda based on premises, conditions and objectives that are specific to the historic and political context of developing countries and to their needs and expectations.”
The Development Assistance Committee of the OECD in its joint statement with UNDP that was issued in February 2005 also affirmed that “South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation can improve aid efficiency and effectiveness in emphasizing ownership and inclusive partnership.”
This background note is prepared by the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation in UNDP.